mental ill health

Depressions rates are estimated to grow in the upcoming decades. By 2020, depressions are likely to account for an alarming 15% of disability-adjusted life-years lost. Unsurprisingly, depression is to become the second most significant cause of disability in the world.
The remarkable reductions in infant mortality and communicable diseases due to medical advancements, especially in developing countries, allows more people to reach the age of susceptibility to dementia and problems that depression causes. Also, depression patients are estimated to live longer.

Other probable reasons for the increase in depression cases and the problems that depression causes include rapid urbanization, conflicts, disasters and macroeconomic changes.

Frequent exposure to violence (e.g. armed conflicts and civil strife) and disasters brings a higher possibility of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. Often, these depressions cause drug and alcohol abuse and increased suicide rates.

Many developing countries suffer multiple consequences in their rush for economic development. Urbanization through economic restructuring leads to changes in employment policies and abruptly substantial increases in unemployment, which cause homelessness, poverty, overcrowding, pollution and loss of social support, all which are risky depression-causes for depression and suicide. Some authors are advocates towards urbanization being a depression-cause and increases mental ill-health, especially in developing countries.

In addition, inconspicuously, depression causes stigma and discrimination in both low and high-income countries throughout history. Bias, stereotyping, fear, embarrassment, anger, rejection and avoidance are just a few of the many ill treatments that depression causes sufferers to experience. Also, depression causes sufferers to painfully experience violations of basic human rights and freedoms, as well as denials of civil, political, economic and social rights, like employment opportunities and access to services, health and housing, in both institutions and communities. In addition, depression causes many of their victims to suffer physical, sexual and psychological abuses every day. Unfortunately, many cases go unreported and therefore the burden remains unquantified.